Compare the characteristics in Living with Non-Living – Class 6 Science Experiment

Chapter Name: Living with Non-Living

Activity Name: Compare the characteristics in Living with Non-Living

Activity Description:

In this experiment, we will compare the characteristics of living beings, specifically plants and animals, with non-living objects such as rocks. We will identify the similarities and differences between these categories and understand what makes living beings unique.

Required Items:

  1. Table to list characteristics
  2. Pen or pencil
  3. Paper or notebook

Step by Step Procedure:

  1. Set up a table with three columns: “Characteristic,” “Living Beings,” and “Non-Living Objects.”
  2. List the characteristics that define living beings in the “Characteristic” column. These may include:
    • Ability to grow and develop
    • Ability to reproduce
    • Responding to stimuli
    • Metabolism (converting food into energy)
    • Ability to adapt to the environment
    • Cellular organization
    • Homeostasis (maintaining internal balance)
    • Genetic material (DNA or RNA)
  3. Discuss each characteristic one by one and fill in the “Living Beings” column with either “Yes” or “No” based on whether plants and animals possess that characteristic.
  4. Next, fill in the “Non-Living Objects” column with “N/A” (not applicable) for each characteristic, as non-living objects do not possess these traits.

Experiment Observations:

  1. Compare the characteristics of plants and animals with those of non-living objects.
  2. Note the similarities and differences between plants, animals, and non-living objects in terms of the listed characteristics.
  3. Record your observations in the respective columns of the table.

Note down your observations in below table format

Precautions:

  1. Take care while handling rocks to avoid injury.
  2. If conducting the experiment outdoors, ensure a safe environment with adult supervision.

Lesson Learnt from Experiment:

  1. Plants and animals possess many similar characteristics, such as the ability to grow and develop, respond to stimuli, and reproduce.
  2. The main difference between plants and animals lies in their mode of obtaining energy (photosynthesis for plants and ingestion for animals) and locomotion (animals can generally move independently while plants are stationary).
  3. Non-living objects, like rocks, do not possess any of the characteristics associated with living beings, as they lack cellular organization, growth, reproduction, and metabolism.

By comparing the characteristics of living beings and non-living objects, we can understand what distinguishes living organisms and appreciate their complexity and uniqueness.

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