Indicators and causes for change in Changes around us – Class 6 Science Experiment

Chapter Name: Changes around us

Activity Name: Indicators and causes for change in Changes around us

Activity Description:

This experiment aims to observe changes in the environment, identify indicators of these changes, and determine possible causes for the observed changes.

Required Items:

  1. Notebook or paper
  2. Pen or pencil
  3. Access to outdoor or natural environment (e.g., a park, garden, or backyard)

Step by Step Procedure:

  1. Choose a location in the outdoor or natural environment where you can observe changes easily. It could be a specific area of a park, a garden, or even your own backyard.
  2. Begin by making a heading in your notebook or paper with the experiment name and date.
  3. Spend at least 15-30 minutes observing the environment and noting down any changes you observe. These changes can be related to plants, animals, weather, or any other aspect of the surroundings.
  4. For each change you observe, try to identify indicators that can help you understand the cause of the change. For example, if you see leaves turning yellow on a tree, the indicator could be lack of water or a change in season.
  5. Write down the observed changes in your notebook or paper, along with their corresponding indicators.
  6. After noting down the changes and indicators, think about possible causes for each change. Consider factors like weather conditions, human activities, natural processes, or any other factors that might be responsible.
  7. Write down your hypotheses or possible causes for each observed change.
  8. Review your notes and observations to see if there are any patterns or connections between the changes, indicators, and causes you identified.
  9. Discuss your findings with a teacher, parent, or a peer, and compare your observations and conclusions.
  10. Reflect on the experiment and consider what you have learned from it.

Experiment Observations:

Here is an example of how the experiment observations and findings could be recorded:

Observed Changes:

  1. Leaves turning yellow on a tree
  2. Increased number of birds in the area
  3. Strong smell of flowers in the air
  4. Temperature getting colder


  1. Leaves turning yellow: Indicator of changing seasons or lack of water
  2. Increased number of birds: Indicator of favorable nesting conditions or availability of food
  3. Strong smell of flowers: Indicator of blooming season or presence of pollinators
  4. Temperature getting colder: Indicator of seasonal change or approaching winter

Possible Causes:

  1. Leaves turning yellow: Change in season from summer to autumn or lack of water due to drought
  2. Increased number of birds: Availability of food sources, migration patterns, or nesting season
  3. Strong smell of flowers: Blooming season or presence of pollinators like bees and butterflies
  4. Temperature getting colder: Seasonal change from autumn to winter or specific weather patterns


  • Ensure your safety while conducting the experiment. Be aware of your surroundings and avoid any hazardous areas.
  • Do not disturb or harm any plants or animals during your observations.
  • If you are observing changes in a public park or garden, follow any rules or guidelines set by the authorities.
  • Take care not to draw conclusions solely based on observations. Consider multiple factors and consult reliable sources for accurate information.

Lesson Learnt from Experiment:

Through this experiment, we learned that changes in the environment can be observed through various indicators. These indicators provide valuable information about the causes behind these changes.

By carefully observing and analyzing the changes, indicators, and possible causes, we can develop a deeper understanding of how our surroundings are constantly changing and the factors that influence these changes. This experiment also highlights the importance of being mindful of the environment and considering multiple factors when studying changes in the natural world.

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