Climate conditions in Weather and Climate – Class 7 Science Experiment

Chapter Name: Weather and Climate

Activity Name: Climate conditions in Weather and Climate

Activity Description:

In this activity, the objective is to observe and describe the climatic conditions of various states and specific places in India. The students will use an ATLAS to gather information about the climate in these areas and record their observations.

Required Items:

  1. An ATLAS or access to online geographical resources.

Step by Step Procedure:

  1. Gather an ATLAS or use online geographical resources with detailed maps and climate information.
  2. Look for the following states and specific places in India: Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jammu & Kashmir, and West Bengal.
  3. Find the climatic conditions of each of these regions.
  4. Take notes on the temperature, precipitation, humidity, and any other relevant climatic features.

Experiment Observations:

  1. Kerala:
  • Tropical climate with high humidity and rainfall throughout the year.
  • Divided into wet and dry seasons.
  • Experiences a monsoon season with heavy rainfall.
  1. Andhra Pradesh:
  • Diverse climate, with coastal regions experiencing a tropical climate and inland areas having a semi-arid to a tropical climate.
  • Hot and humid conditions in coastal areas.
  • Some parts may experience distinct wet and dry seasons.
  1. Rajasthan:
  • Arid and semi-arid climate with low rainfall.
  • Experiences extremely hot summers and relatively cold winters.
  • Wide temperature variations between day and night.
  1. Jammu & Kashmir:
  • Varied climate depending on the altitude.
  • The Kashmir Valley has a temperate climate with cold winters and mild summers.
  • Higher altitudes experience alpine climate with snowfall in winter.
  1. West Bengal:
  • Tropical climate with high humidity and moderate to heavy rainfall.
  • Experiences distinct wet and dry seasons.
  • Some areas may be prone to cyclones during the monsoon season.

Note down your observations in below table format


  1. Ensure the ATLAS or online resources used are up-to-date and reliable.
  2. Cross-check data from multiple sources to ensure accuracy.

Lesson Learnt from Experiment:

Through this activity, students will learn about the diverse climatic conditions in different regions of India. They will understand the factors that contribute to variations in climate, such as proximity to the sea, altitude, and geographical location. It will also highlight the importance of climate in shaping the local environment, vegetation, and lifestyle of the people living in these regions.

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