Chapter Name: Water in our life
Activity Name: Floods a natural hazard in Water in our life
This activity involves a discussion and reflection on the nature of floods as a natural hazard.
Participants are encouraged to analyze pictures depicting flood situations, consider the causes of floods, and share personal experiences or information gathered from newspaper cuttings.
- Pictures depicting flood situations (newspaper clippings or online images)
- Paper or notebook
- Pen or pencil
Step by Step Procedure:
- Begin by showing the participants a picture (Fig.) depicting a flood situation from a newspaper or online source.
- Ask the participants to carefully observe the picture and share their observations about what the picture tells us. Encourage them to describe the extent of water, the impact on people or infrastructure, and any other relevant details.
- Facilitate a discussion around the causes of such flood conditions. Start by asking if excessive rainfall in certain areas of the country can lead to such a condition. Allow participants to share their thoughts and knowledge on the subject.
- Expand the discussion by asking if there are other reasons besides excessive rainfall that can lead to flood situations. Prompt participants to consider factors such as poor drainage systems, deforestation, urbanization, or the overflow of rivers and dams.
- After discussing the general causes of floods, ask the participants if they have ever faced or heard about a flood. If any participants have personal experiences, invite them to share their stories. If not, ask if they have come across any newspaper cuttings or news articles related to floods.
- If participants have personal experiences or newspaper cuttings, ask them to write down a few lines describing their encounters with floods or summarizing the information from the newspaper cuttings.
- Provide time for participants to write their reflections in their notebooks or on paper.
- Once everyone has finished writing, invite a few participants to share their reflections with the rest of the group.
The observations will vary depending on the specific picture used and the participants’ experiences. However, some possible observations and reflections could include:
- The picture shows a large amount of water covering the land, with buildings or houses partially or completely submerged.
- The impact of the flood can be seen in the displaced people or affected infrastructure.
- Excessive rainfall in certain areas can lead to such flood conditions.
- Other factors contributing to floods include poor drainage systems, deforestation, urbanization, or river and dam overflow.
- Personal experiences or newspaper cuttings may provide insights into the devastating effects of floods, such as loss of homes, damage to crops, or even loss of lives.
During the discussion and sharing of personal experiences, it’s important to create a supportive and respectful environment. Some participants may have gone through traumatic experiences related to floods, so sensitivity and empathy should be exercised.
Lesson Learnt from Experiment:
Through this activity, participants learn about the nature of floods as a natural hazard and gain awareness of the various factors that contribute to flood conditions. They understand the consequences of excessive rainfall and other human-made factors on flood occurrence.
Additionally, by sharing personal experiences or information from newspaper cuttings, participants gain a deeper understanding of the real-life impact floods can have on individuals, communities, and the environment.