Friction produces heat in Friction – Class 8 Science Experiment

Chapter Name: Friction

Activity Name: Friction produces heat in Friction

Activity Description:

Friction produces heat in Friction - Class 8 Science Experiment

This experiment demonstrates how friction can produce heat. Two activities are performed to observe the increase in temperature due to friction.

First, participants are asked to rub their palms against each other for a few minutes. Secondly, they are instructed to strike a matchstick against the rough surface of a matchbox.

Required Items:

  1. Hands (palms)
  2. Matchstick
  3. Matchbox

Step by Step Procedure:

  1. Rub your palms against each other with moderate pressure for a few minutes.
  2. Take a matchstick and firmly strike it against the rough striking surface of the matchbox.

Experiment Observations:

  1. After rubbing palms together, participants will notice an increase in the temperature of their hands.
  2. When the matchstick is struck against the matchbox, it catches fire due to the increase in temperature caused by friction.


  1. While performing the experiment, avoid excessive force during rubbing to prevent any discomfort or injury to the hands.
  2. Take care when handling the matchstick to avoid accidental ignition.

Lesson Learnt from Experiment:

Through these activities, participants learn that friction between surfaces can generate heat. In the case of striking a matchstick, the increase in temperature due to friction leads to the ignition of the matchstick. This experiment illustrates the concept of how mechanical energy (motion) can be converted into thermal energy (heat) through the action of friction.

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