Observing colour layer on cut fruits and vegetables in Changes around Us – Class 7 Science Experiment

Chapter Name: Changes around Us

Activity Name: Observing colour layer on cut fruits and vegetables in Changes around Us

Activity Description:

Observing colour layer on cut fruits and vegetables in Changes around Us - Class 7 Science Experiment

In this experiment, we will observe the changes in color that occur when various fruits and vegetables are cut and exposed to open air for some time.

The experiment aims to understand the process of browning and discoloration that often happens when certain fruits and vegetables are cut.

Required Items:

  1. Apple
  2. Brinjal (Eggplant)
  3. Potato
  4. Tomato
  5. Cucumber
  6. Banana
  7. Knife
  8. Plates

Step by Step Procedure:

  1. Take the apple, brinjal, potato, tomato, cucumber, and banana.
  2. Using the knife, cut each fruit and vegetable into small pieces.
  3. Place the cut pieces of each fruit and vegetable in separate plates.
  4. Expose the plates with the cut fruits and vegetables to open air for some time (e.g., 30 minutes to 1 hour).

Experiment Observations:

Fruit/VegetableInitial ColorColor After Exposure
PotatoWhiteSlightly Brown
TomatoRedSlightly Brown
CucumberGreenNo Significant Change

Note down your observations in below table format


  1. Ensure the knife used for cutting is sharp and handled carefully to avoid accidents.
  2. Use clean plates for each fruit/vegetable to prevent contamination and accurate observations.
  3. Avoid touching the cut surfaces with hands to minimize any external factors that could affect the color change.

Lesson Learnt from Experiment:

The experiment will likely demonstrate that some fruits and vegetables undergo a visible change in color when exposed to open air. This change is primarily due to a process called enzymatic browning, which occurs when certain enzymes present in the fruits and vegetables react with oxygen in the air.

The browning is more noticeable in fruits like apples and bananas, as they contain an enzyme called polyphenol oxidase. When the cell structure is damaged through cutting, this enzyme reacts with oxygen, resulting in the formation of brown pigments called melanins.

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