Solubility Of Some Common Liquids In Water in Sorting Materials Into Groups – Class 6 Science Experiment

Chapter Name: Sorting Materials Into Groups

Activity Name: Solubility Of Some Common Liquids In Water in Sorting Materials Into Groups

Activity Description:

In this experiment, students will test the solubility of different common liquids in water. They will observe and record whether each liquid dissolves completely, partially, or not at all in water. This experiment will help them understand the concept of solubility and differentiating between soluble and insoluble substances.

Required Items:

  • Water
  • Various common liquids (e.g., saltwater, sugar water, lemon juice, vegetable oil)
  • Clear containers for mixing
  • Stirring rods or spoons
  • Labels to mark the containers
  • Notebook and pen for recording observations

Step by Step Procedure:

  1. Take four separate containers and label them with the names of the liquids to be tested.
  2. The first container will be left empty and labeled as a control.
  3. In each of the remaining containers, pour enough water to cover the bottom by about an inch.
  4. Add a small amount (about a tablespoon) of each liquid to its respective container.
  5. Stir each container gently for a few minutes to help dissolve the liquid into the water.
  6. Observe and record the observations after stirring. Note whether the liquid dissolved completely, partially, or not at all in water.
  7. Repeat the experiment with different concentrations if desired.

Experiment Observations:

  • Control container (water only): No change observed.
  • Saltwater: Salt dissolved completely in water, forming a clear solution.
  • Sugar water: Sugar dissolved completely in water, forming a clear solution.
  • Lemon juice: Lemon juice partially dissolved in water, forming a slightly cloudy solution.
  • Vegetable oil: Vegetable oil did not dissolve in water, forming two separate layers.


  1. Handle liquids carefully and avoid spillage.
  2. Ensure containers are clean and free from any residues.
  3. Use fresh liquids for accurate results.
  4. Stir gently to avoid splashing or spills.
  5. Dispose of liquids properly after the experiment.

Lesson Learnt from Experiment:

This experiment helps us understand the solubility of different liquids in water. We observed that some liquids, like water, vinegar, lemon juice, and saltwater, dissolve completely in water.

On the other hand, oil does not dissolve and forms a separate layer. Solubility is an essential property to consider in various real-life situations, such as mixing ingredients in cooking or understanding the behavior of different substances in the environment.

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