Visualizing magnetic field in Force – Class 8 Science Experiment

Chapter Name: Force

Activity Name: Visualizing magnetic field in Force

Activity Description:

Visualizing magnetic field in Force - Class 8 Science Experiment

In this experiment, the aim is to visualize the magnetic field of a bar magnet using iron filings. The magnetic field, which is normally invisible, becomes apparent when iron filings are sprinkled on a white paper placed over the magnet.

As the iron filings align with the magnetic field lines, they form distinct patterns that help us understand the magnetic field’s shape and direction.

Required Items:

  1. Bar magnet
  2. Thick white paper (White drawing sheet)
  3. Iron filings (fine powder)
  4. Pen or pencil

Step by Step Procedure:

  1. Place the bar magnet on a flat table or surface.
  2. Cover the magnet with a thick white paper (white drawing sheet) to create a smooth surface for the experiment.
  3. Sprinkle a fine layer of iron filings evenly over the paper, making sure they cover the entire area above the magnet.
  4. Gently tap the table or paper with a pen or pencil. This tapping helps the iron filings align with the magnetic field lines, creating a visible pattern.

Experiment Observations:

  • Upon tapping the paper, the iron filings will start to move and align themselves along the magnetic field lines.
  • A distinct pattern will emerge, indicating the shape and direction of the magnetic field around the bar magnet.
  • The pattern will likely resemble curved lines extending from one end of the magnet to the other.


  1. Handle the bar magnet with care to avoid injury or damage.
  2. Ensure that the iron filings are spread evenly and not piled up in one place, as it may lead to inaccurate observations.
  3. Clean the area after the experiment to avoid spreading iron filings around.

Lesson Learnt from Experiment:

This experiment helps to visualize and understand the concept of magnetic fields and how they are formed around a bar magnet. It demonstrates that magnetic fields have a specific direction and shape, extending from the north pole to the south pole of the magnet.

Rotating the magnet and observing changes in the pattern further reinforces the concept of the magnetic field’s direction and its connection to the magnet’s orientation.

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