Chapter Name: Sound
Activity Name: Demonstrating types of wave propagation in Sound
This experiment involves using a slinky, a spring-shaped toy, to demonstrate two types of wave propagation: longitudinal and transverse waves. The first part of the experiment involves stretching the slinky and creating alternate compressions and rarefactions by moving it to and fro along its length.
This represents the pattern of varying density produced in a medium when sound passes through it, illustrating longitudinal wave motion. The second part involves hanging the slinky from a fixed support, then creating a hump at the lower end by quickly moving your hand sideways and back.
The hump travels upwards through the slinky, demonstrating transverse wave motion.
- Slinky (spring-shaped toy)
Step by Step Procedure:
- Lay the slinky on a table or the floor, and have a friend hold one end.
- Pull the other end of the slinky to stretch it, and then move it to and fro along its length.
- Observe the alternate compressions and rarefactions of the slinky, resembling the pattern of varying density produced when sound passes through a medium (longitudinal wave).
- Hang the slinky from a fixed support.
- Gently hold the lower end of the slinky and quickly move your hand sideways and back.
- Observe the hump that forms on the slinky near the lower end and how it travels upwards through the slinky (transverse wave).
- In the first part of the experiment, you will observe alternate compressions and rarefactions of the slinky, representing longitudinal wave motion.
- In the second part of the experiment, you will observe a hump forming near the lower end of the slinky and traveling upwards, representing transverse wave motion.
- Handle the slinky gently to avoid any damage.
- Ensure the slinky is hung securely from a fixed support to perform the second part of the experiment effectively.
Lesson Learnt from Experiment:
This experiment helps to understand and differentiate between two types of wave propagation: longitudinal and transverse waves. Longitudinal waves occur when particles of the medium vibrate along the direction of wave motion, while transverse waves occur when the vibrations are perpendicular to the direction of wave motion.