Chapter Name: Habitat
Activity Name: Organisms in plant in Habitat
The experiment involves observing a selected tree or plant in your school over a period of one week. The tree should be visited at least twice a day, and each member of the group should note their individual observations.
The goal is to identify and document the organisms that are found on or around the tree, as well as determine if the tree serves as a habitat for these organisms.
- Fig (reference for sketching)
Step by Step Procedure:
- Select a tree or plant in your school for observation.
- Visit the tree at least twice a day for one week.
- During each visit, carefully observe and note down the organisms you see on or around the tree.
- Make a list of the organisms observed on the first visit and add any new organisms observed in subsequent visits.
- Create a rough sketch of the tree in your notebook.
- Mark the locations on the tree where you spot these organisms, using the help of the reference figure.
- While exploring, try to find the following information:
- Look for small plants growing on the tree by touching the bark and searching for green velvety growth.
- Determine if the tree serves as a habitat for these plants.
- Note any animals that are consistently present on the tree.
- Observe animals coming to and going away from the tree. Identify and record their names.
- Check if the same animals are spotted every day.
- Determine if the tree serves as a habitat for the organisms that appear on some days but not others.
- The observations will vary depending on the specific tree or plant selected and the location of the school. Here are some possible observations:
- Small plants growing on the tree, indicated by green velvety growth on the bark.
- Various insects, such as ants, beetles, and spiders, found on the tree.
- Birds perching on the branches or building nests in the tree.
- Squirrels or other small mammals moving around the tree.
- Butterflies or bees attracted to the flowers, if present.
- Some animals may appear consistently, while others may come and go.
- Do not disturb or harm the organisms or their habitats during the observation.
- Take care while climbing or getting close to the tree to avoid any accidents.
- Avoid touching or handling unfamiliar plants or animals, as some may be harmful.
- Observe from a safe distance and avoid disturbing the natural behavior of the organisms.
Lesson Learnt from Experiment:
Based on the observations, the students will learn about the various organisms that can be found in and around a tree or plant. They will understand the concept of a habitat and how different organisms rely on specific trees as their habitat.
They may also learn about the interdependence of organisms within an ecosystem and the importance of preserving and protecting natural habitats for biodiversity.