Understanding the North – South movement of the sun in Stars and the Solar System – Class 8 Science Experiment

Chapter Name: Some Natural Phenomena

Activity Name: Understanding the North – South movement of the sun in Stars and the Solar System

Activity Description:

Understanding the North – South movement of the sun in Stars and the Solar System - Class 8 Science Experiment

In this activity, you will observe the sunrise from a fixed spot near your home over a period of 10 to 15 days. You’ll choose a stationary object, like a tree or electric pole, as a reference point. By making daily sketches of the rising sun and the reference point, you’ll track any changes in the spot where the sun rises.

Required Items:

  1. Notebook
  2. Pen/Pencil

Step by Step Procedure:

  1. Choose a fixed spot near your home from where you can clearly observe the sunrise. If necessary, go to the terrace of a building or an open field to get an unobstructed view.
  2. Select a stationary object (e.g., a tree, electric pole) as your reference point.
  3. Over the next 10 to 15 days, at the same time each day, observe and note the spot at which the sun rises relative to your reference point. Also, make a daily sketch of the rising sun and the reference point in your notebook.

Experiment Observations:

  • Note any changes in the spot where the sun rises.
  • Observe if the spot of sunrise moves in any particular direction.

Precautions:

  1. Ensure you observe the sunrise at the same time each day for accurate results.
  2. Use proper safety measures while accessing the terrace or any elevated location.

Lesson Learnt from Experiment:

Through this activity, you will understand the North-South movement of the sun and how it appears to travel towards the south of the sky during Dakshinayanam and towards the north during Uttarayanam.

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