Venation in Plants: Parts and functions – Class 6 Science Experiment

Chapter Name: Plants: Parts and functions

Activity Name: Venation in Plants: Parts and functions

Activity Description:

The experiment aims to observe and understand the venation pattern in a leaf. By rubbing a pencil on paper placed over a leaf, the impression left behind will resemble the vein pattern on the leaf.

Required Items:

  1. A leaf
  2. White sheet of paper or a sheet in your notebook
  3. Pencil

Step by Step Procedure:

  1. Place the white sheet of paper or a sheet from your notebook on a flat surface.
  2. Take a leaf and place it under the paper, ensuring that the leaf’s surface is in contact with the paper.
  3. Hold the tip of a pencil flat against the paper.
  4. Rub the pencil back and forth gently on the paper, directly above the leaf.
  5. Continue rubbing until you observe an impression appearing on the paper.
  6. Carefully remove the leaf from under the paper.

Experiment Observations:

After rubbing the pencil on the paper, an impression will be visible. The impression will resemble the pattern of veins present on the leaf.


  • Handle the leaf with care to avoid damaging it.
  • Ensure the leaf is placed flat under the paper for accurate observations.
  • Use a pencil with a relatively flat tip for better results.
  • Rub the pencil gently to avoid tearing the paper or damaging the leaf.

Lesson Learnt from Experiment:

The experiment demonstrates that the lines on a leaf, known as veins, can be observed by creating an impression on paper. It helps understand the concept of venation, which refers to the arrangement of veins in the leaf’s lamina.

Venation acts as the leaf’s skeleton, providing support and shaping the leaf. The experiment highlights the importance of veins in leaves, as without them, the leaf would lack structure and support.

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