Oersted experiment in Electromagnetism- Class 10 Science Experiment

Chapter Name: Electromagnetism

Activity Name: Oersted experiment in Electromagnetism

Activity Description:

Oersted experiment in Electromagnetism- Class 10 Science Experiment

The Oersted experiment demonstrates the relationship between electricity and magnetism by showing the deflection of a magnetic compass needle when a current-carrying wire is placed nearby. The experiment also explores the concept of magnetic fields.

Required Items:

  1. Thermocole sheet
  2. Two thin wooden sticks (1 cm height) with slits at the top
  3. Copper wire (24 gauge)
  4. 3 (or 9) volt battery
  5. Key (switch)
  6. Magnetic compass
  7. Bar magnet

Step by Step Procedure:

  1. Fix the two thin wooden sticks vertically on a thermocole sheet and create slits at the top of their ends.
  2. Thread the copper wire through the slits so that it forms a circuit.
  3. Set up the circuit with the 3 (or 9) volt battery, key, and copper wire connected in series.
  4. Place the magnetic compass below the copper wire circuit.
  5. Bring the bar magnet close to the compass needle.
  6. Observe and record any deflection of the compass needle caused by the bar magnet.
  7. Move the bar magnet away from the circuit and switch on the circuit.
  8. Look for changes in the position of the compass needle.
  9. Observe and record any changes in the position of the compass needle caused by the current-carrying wire.

Experiment Observations:

  1. The compass needle gets deflected when the bar magnet is brought close to it.
  2. The compass needle shows changes in position when the circuit is switched on.


  1. Handle the electrical circuit and components carefully to avoid accidents.
  2. Make sure the compass is level and not obstructed during the experiment.

Lesson Learnt from Experiment:

The experiment demonstrates that a current-carrying wire produces a magnetic field around it, and this magnetic field can interact with a magnetic compass needle, causing it to deflect. It confirms the relationship between electricity and magnetism, as discovered by Hans Christian Oersted.

Science Experiment Kits for Kids

Photo Title Price Buy
Einstein Box Junior...image Einstein Box Junior Science Gift Set | 2-in-1 Set of My First Science Kit & Slime Kit for 4-6-8 Year Olds| Birthday Gift for Boys & Girls ₹1,199.00
ButterflyEdufields 20+ Science...image ButterflyEdufields 20+ Science Kit For Kids | STEM Projects birthday gift For Boys and Girls Ages 7-8-10-12 |DIY Educational & Learning Experiment Toys for 7 To 12 Year Olds | Build 20+ Motor Machines ₹1,599.00
The Little Ones...image The Little Ones Science Kit - Science experiment kit for kids 6-8-10-12 years old,educational learning toys,Best gift for boys&girls,chemistry kit,science project[Complete science kit- 100+experiment]
WitBlox AI Artificial...image WitBlox AI Artificial Intelligence Robotic Science Kit for 101+ Project 137 Part 8 Yrs+, Interlocking Bricks, Electronic Sensor & Circuits to create Logic 2 Free Live Classes Gift Toy for Boys & Girls ₹3,499.00
Avishkaar Robotics Advanced...image Avishkaar Robotics Advanced Kit|150-In-1 DIY Stem Metal Kit|Multicolor|150+ Parts|Learn Robotics|Coding & Mechanical Design|for Kids Aged 10-14|Made in India|Educational DIY Stem Kit|Made in India ₹10,499.00
My Science Lab...image My Science Lab Ultimate Science Experiment Kit for Kids Age 6-14 | STEM Toys | Physics Kit Set | Science & Fun 5-in-1 Projects | School Science Kit | Best Educational Birthday Gift Toys for Boys and Girls

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *