Identifying various uses of petroleum in Coal and Petroleum – Class 8 Science Experiment

Chapter Name: Coal and Petroleum

Activity Name: Identifying various uses of petroleum in Coal and Petroleum

Activity Description:

In this activity, we will explore the various uses of petroleum and its products. By observing Figure-2, we will identify and fill in a table with different applications of petroleum and its derivatives.

Required Items:

  1. Figure-2 depicting petroleum products and their uses.
  2. A table to record the identified uses.

Step by Step Procedure:

  1. Observe Figure-2 carefully, which illustrates different petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, lubricants, plastics, etc.
  2. Identify the various uses of these petroleum products by reading the labels or captions provided in the figure.
  3. Record the identified uses in the table, associating each product with its respective application.

Experiment Observations:

Petroleum ProductUses
GasolineFuel for automobiles
DieselFuel for trucks and buses
Jet FuelFuel for aircraft
LubricantsUsed for reducing friction in engines
PlasticsManufacturing various plastic goods
AsphaltRoad construction
Heating OilUsed for residential heating
PetrochemicalsProduction of synthetic materials
PropaneHeating and cooking fuel
KeroseneUsed in lamps and stoves

Precautions:

  • Ensure safety measures are followed while handling petroleum products, as they can be flammable and hazardous.
  • Do not conduct the experiment near open flames or in an unventilated area.

Lesson Learnt from Experiment:

Through this activity, we have identified and learned about the diverse applications of petroleum and its products. Petroleum is a valuable natural resource that serves as a crucial raw material in various industries, ranging from transportation and energy production to manufacturing and construction.

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