Chapter Name: Coal and Petroleum
Activity Name: Identifying various uses of petroleum in Coal and Petroleum
In this activity, we will explore the various uses of petroleum and its products. By observing Figure-2, we will identify and fill in a table with different applications of petroleum and its derivatives.
- Figure-2 depicting petroleum products and their uses.
- A table to record the identified uses.
Step by Step Procedure:
- Observe Figure-2 carefully, which illustrates different petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, lubricants, plastics, etc.
- Identify the various uses of these petroleum products by reading the labels or captions provided in the figure.
- Record the identified uses in the table, associating each product with its respective application.
|Gasoline||Fuel for automobiles|
|Diesel||Fuel for trucks and buses|
|Jet Fuel||Fuel for aircraft|
|Lubricants||Used for reducing friction in engines|
|Plastics||Manufacturing various plastic goods|
|Heating Oil||Used for residential heating|
|Petrochemicals||Production of synthetic materials|
|Propane||Heating and cooking fuel|
|Kerosene||Used in lamps and stoves|
- Ensure safety measures are followed while handling petroleum products, as they can be flammable and hazardous.
- Do not conduct the experiment near open flames or in an unventilated area.
Lesson Learnt from Experiment:
Through this activity, we have identified and learned about the diverse applications of petroleum and its products. Petroleum is a valuable natural resource that serves as a crucial raw material in various industries, ranging from transportation and energy production to manufacturing and construction.